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Now, since you’ve gone through some of the most amazing facts about this wonderful organ of your body and the amazing and equally significant functions it does for you, its time for you to plan out your skin care discipline.

If you thought that the ages old skin care routine your grandma taught you was enough, its time to think again. Times have changed. And with it the way our body reacts to the external atmosphere has also changed. The pollution levels were never that high, nor were the keenness to keep yourself looking young till you can.

Since centuries, dermatologists and beauty therapists have been giving their veto on the time-tested and highly effective 3-step skin care regimen, comprising of the three essential steps of facial skin care, which are:

  • Cleansing
  • Exfoliating
  • Moisturizing

Skin Cleansing

Facial cleansing is the cornerstone of your daily facial care regime. Due to its significance in the process of quality skin care and its impact on the health of your skin, it is important that you know the exact ways to apply a cleanser as well as how to choose the right product.

THE BASICS

A cleanser is basically a facial care product used in the daily skin care routine. An extremely important part of beauty care, cleansers are used to remove make-up, dead skin cells, oil and dirt along with other types of pollutants from the skin of the face. This ingredient of everyday skin care helps in unclogging pores and preventing skin conditions such as acne.

Generally, mild daily cleansers are suited to all types of skin and can also be used quite frequently within the day. Such type of cleansers will tenderly lift and rinse away the impurities, leaving the skin fresh and glowing.

THE TECHNIQUE

Experts suggest that the best time to use a cleanser is when you’ve just arrived back home or right before you go to sleep. In this manner, the results will be most effective, as you will not have to face the sun or even any outer environment.

Besides, it is also important to choose a cleanser that does not have harsh chemicals that can possibly dry out the skin. Make sure you read the ingredients before you buy any such product. Besides, the cleansers should also be applied gently, so as to avoid any abrasion or scraping on the skin.

To learn the best way to use a cleanser, follow these steps:

  • Remove any make-up with a make-up remover
  • Use warm water to loosen the dirt and clogged pores
  • Take a small quantity of the cleanser and rub it in your fingers
  • Gently slather on and rinse with cool or lukewarm water

In addition to this, weekly use of a deep-pore cleanser which effectively exfoliates the skin also gives you a bright and shiny renewed complexion.

Skin Exfoliating

THE BASICS

This is perhaps the most often missed step in the skin care regimen. Mostly, people tend to confuse it with toning, which is absolutely not the case. Ironically, it is exfoliation that makes your skin look more fresh and young than anything else does.

For instance, studies have always shown that the skin of men generally seems to be more youthful than that of women, which is probably due to the fact that they shave and hence exfoliate regularly.

THE TECHNIQUE

There are three basic ways in which you can exfoliate. These include:

  • Microdermabrasion
  • Chemical peels
  • Retinoids

Experts recommend exfoliating the skin with microdermabrasion once a week to keep the skin in the right condition. Meanwhile, scrubs are known to work by removing the top layer of dead skin cells that tend to dull the complexion.

When choosing an exfoliating agent, make sure that the grains are not too large, as is the case in many of the cheaper products. This can actually cause more harm than good in the longer run.

TONING

A toner is typically a lotion designed to cleanse the skin and shrink pores, used as a regular part of facial skin care. A good quality skin toner restores the proper pH balance, refines pores and adequately prepares the skin for moisturizing.

Adding on, a toner often used after cleansing or even as an interim cleanser, removes dirt and impurities, besides refreshing the skin. The right use of a toner leaves the skin with a much refreshed and balanced complexion.

There are many ways in which a toner is generally applied. These include:

  • With a damp cotton wool
  • Spraying on top the face with a vaporizer
  • By applying a tonic gauze facial mask, which is basically a piece of gauze covered with the toner, left on the face for a few minutes

There are various categories and types of toners available in the market today. These include:

– Skin bracers or fresheners: The mildest form and advisable for dry, dehydrated, dry, sensitive and normal skins

– Skin tonics: Slightly stronger and containing a small quantity of alcohol. Strongly advised for normal, combination as well as oily skin

– Astringents: The strongest form of toner, containing a very high proportion of alcohol, antiseptic ingredients, water and a humectant ingredient. Commonly recommended for oily skins

Whether or not you use a toner as a part of the exfoliating step is totally your choice. If you think it suits your skin and adds on to the comfort level, just go for it.

Moisturizing

THE BASICS

Moisturizers are the skin’s health drink. Keeping your skin hydrated is crucial if you want to keep your skin healthy. Moisturizers contain beneficial ingredients like lavender that sooth and moisturize effectively. Besides, ingredients like CoQ10 and vitamin C also enhance protection from free radicals, which actually cause damage to the skin.

There are various factors that can alter the moisture level of the skin. These can include weather, environment, temperature changes, time in the sun and diet.

THE TECHNIQUE

A regular regimen of moisturizing will help your skin maintain its vibrant elasticity and will also leave you feeling soothed and nurtured.

The most important fact to keep in mind is to choose the right type of moisturizer. Here is the 4-point checklist you need to ensure when selecting a moisturizer:

  • The fragrance should be good
  • t should feel soft on your skin
  • It should gel with your skin without much effort and greasiness
  • There should be no sensation of irritation or burning after you’ve applied it

Depending on your individual lifestyle and occupational requirements, you can also use a moisturizer that carries a high proportion of SPF and other similar ingredients.

Skin Care Guide – Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Skin Care

Part 1 – Human Skin
Part 2 – Acne: Types, Causes and Treatment
Part 3 – Dry Skin
Part 4 – Anti-aging Skin Care
Part 5 – Skin Care Regimen
part 6 – Facial Skin Care
Part 7 – Skin Diseases and Conditions
Part 8 – Cures, Remedies and Therapies

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